7 Best Water Dispensers For Home & Office

Viomi Smart Instant Hot Water Dispenser is a smart water dispenser that can be controlled with a mobile app. It has been tested to have the fastest heating time of 150 seconds, and it can also provide hot water for 10 cups at a go.

The Kitchen instant hot water dispenser is a high-quality product that is designed for fast and easy preparation of hot drinks. Its modern design makes it perfect to work as a kitchen appliance, but it can also be used in any room of the house since its sleek shape blends in well with all kinds of decors.

Pros and Cons of Water Dispensers.

Water dispensers are essential for the convenience of users, but they also bring a few cons as well.

1. Disposable rate.

Most water dispensers will require a small set amount of water to be filled up, and it may not provide enough water for the user to have a full cup of water. For example, a smartphone water dispenser will require five minutes of water to make 10 cups, but a milk dispenser will only need a few seconds of water to make 10 cups.

2. Water saving.

Water dispensers like the water gun will be able to save water, and some other like the Viomi Smart instant hot water dispenser will take care of this requirement for you.

Water saving is convenient for some users, and some other people don’t like the idea of wasting water, but it’s understandable.

Viomi Smart Instant Hot Water Dispenser
This instant hot water dispenser kitchen features 3-Second Quick Heat-up, 3 Heat Settings,small-sized design and no installation required. The design of 3-Second quick heat-up and four heat settings enables you to drink warm, hot or cold water anytime. This instant hot water machine has 3 types of heat settings. Different temperature settings let you quickly make diversified drinks, like coffee, tea, milk powder etc.

Philips Norelco PHW903DE Ultra-Slim Electric Shaver

Philips Norelco PHW903DE Ultra-Slim Electric Shaver is a high-quality electric shaver with a modern design. The hair cutter features a sleek, textured design, which allows users to easily shave all types of facial hair, without getting any cuts or nicks.

The styling comb inside the shaver has a 3D volume ring. It allows users to adjust the razors for different types of hair while shaving.

Aicok Electric Hot and Cold Water Dispenser

Aicok is a high-quality electric water dispenser that is certified and tested to offer the highest temperature of 210°C. It comes with an easy to understand and user-friendly design, and it is a perfect addition to any kitchen or office.

Its round and oval-shaped lids are designed in such a way that it can fit almost all ceramic mug types. It has a latching mechanism that keeps the water warm for more than 7 minutes, and it can dispense hot water at the touch of a button. Its hot water has a temperature of 200°C and a great warming power.

Instacups Hose Top Dispenser for Windows

This adorable water dispenser has a convenient storage space on its base that makes it easy to get it out at the need of hot or cold water.

Avalon Bay Automatic Electric Hot and Cold Water Dispenser

The Avalon Bay Automatic Electric Hot and Cold Water Dispenser from KitchenAid has a unique hand-built glass display that sits above the water reservoir. The design makes it look very good, but the water dispenser’s performance is not as remarkable.

It provides cold water for up to 1.5 hours and hot water for up to 2.5 hours. However, the water temperature cannot be controlled and it does not have a thermostat.

Avalon Bay Automatic Electric Water Dispenser from KitchenAid comes with two different-sized water tanks and a clear display, which makes it easy for its owners to quickly see how much water is left.

Ivation 10-Cup Stainless Steel Electric Hot and Cold Water Cooler

The Ivation 10-Cup Stainless Steel Electric Hot and Cold Water Cooler comes with a handy app that can be used to control the temperature of the water that is being dispensed, and the radiator fan that cools the water. The radiator fan in this water dispenser is powerful enough to cool the water up to 100 degrees Celsius, which is ideal for hot beverages.

Like the Viomi Smart Instant Hot Water Dispenser, the Ivation is also compact and easy to carry around, which makes it perfect for traveling. The Ivation also features a smart pump that controls the flow rate of water, while the smart phone app allows you to adjust the temperature of the water.

URPOWER Electric Instant Hot Water Dispenser

URPOWER Electric Instant Hot Water Dispenser is a versatile water dispenser that makes water dispensing easy and convenient. It is equipped with a soft foam base that is durable and comes in different color options. The dispenser is also durable enough to serve as a desk or side table to put your smartphone.

The water dispenser has an analog temperature gauge that allows users to adjust the water temperature up to 200 degrees Celsius. It can be charged with a USB cable and can produce 120 cups of hot water every hour. It is also easy to install and can be installed in five minutes.

Keurig K250 Coffee Maker with 12 K-Cups

The Keurig K250 features a 30-ounce water reservoir and an integrated pour-over filter that removes the grinds and grounds. It has 12-ounce hot cup capacity, and it can produce a perfect mug of coffee in just one minute.

The Keurig K250 Coffee Maker is convenient to use, and it has easy-to-use features. It comes with a variable water-level window that allows for easy management of the water level of the coffee cup. The Keurig K250 Coffee Maker comes with a rechargeable battery that lasts up to 45-minutes on one charge.

7 Best Vacuum Mop Combos With Near-Perfect Reviews

The best thing about robot vacuums is that they can clean while you do other things. Whether it’s a quick tidy up before a dinner party or a more thorough clean before moving in, the Viomi Robot Vacuum SE Intelligent Robotic Cleaner can do it all.

● Viomi Robot Vacuum SE has the ability to go from carpet to hardwood floors without having to switch brushes, meaning that it can get an even deeper clean on carpets and rugs.

● The Viomi Robot Vacuum SE Intelligent Robotic Cleaner also comes with Mijia App so you can control the robot vacuum from your phone and set up cleaning schedules.

● You can also set up zones for where you want the vacuum to clean and where not to touch so that specified areas don’t get dirty


Originally, there were three competitors in the robot vacuum market. Those are the iRobot Roomba, Neato Botvac and Samsung’s Axie. These companies have been working on robotics for a long time so it wasn’t surprising that they came out with a model to compete against each other and continue to improve the technology.

In the last few years, the three companies started lowering the price of their Roomba range and they started pushing more and more features into their Botvac range.

The Viomi Robot Vacuum SE came out in 2017, which was the first update to the robots that we saw, so the competition is tougher now than it ever was, even though the Viomi Robot Vacuum SE came with great features and has a good price point.

Viomi SE
Viomi Robot Vacuum SE’s Cleaning Efficiency is 88%

The best thing about robot vacuums is that they can clean while you do other things. Whether it’s a quick tidy up before a dinner party or a more thorough clean before moving in, the Viomi Robot Vacuum SE Intelligent Robotic Cleaner can do it all.

● This smart robot vacuum has the ability to go from carpet to hardwood floors without having to switch brushes, meaning that it can get an even deeper clean on carpets and rugs.

● This cheap robot vacuum Intelligent Robotic Cleaner also comes with an App so you can control the robot vacuum from your phone and set up cleaning schedules.

Bissell PowerEdge Pet Hair Eraser Vacuum and Mop

The bissell power edge pet hair cleaner and mop has been quite the hit for good reason. The vacuum has been rated 4.1/5 stars on Amazon and is one of the highest rated robot vacuums on the market. The thing that sets this apart from the rest of the crowd is that it doesn’t have an onboard charging dock. Instead, you must supply its own lithium ion battery. This means you must carry the battery along with you when you’re using the vacuum or you’ll have to lug it around the house if you plan on going out. When it’s time to recharge the battery, you have to bring it back to the charger.

Just like any other robot vacuum, it comes with a unique app that you can use to check on the status of the vac. There are also two modes for the vacuum – Clean and Skip.

Shark Ninja Pro Lift-Away Vacuum with Dust Away & Handheld Pet Tool

Want to do the cleaning for you and don’t want to bring out a robot? No problem with the Shark Ninja Pro Lift-Away Vacuum with Dust Away and Handheld Pet Tool.

Not only does it do a good job of vacuuming, but it also comes with a few extras. For one, the Shark Ninja Pro Lift-Away Vacuum with Dust Away & Handheld Pet Tool comes with a handheld pet tool so that you can keep your pets contained while you clean.

● A bigger pet tool for reaching up high on furniture is also included in the package so that you can clean under furniture and pull upholstery

● The Shark Ninja Pro Lift-Away Vacuum with Dust Away & Handheld Pet Tool also comes with a TurboVac pet tool that has a suction power of up to 0.8 bar.

Dyson V8 Animal Cordless Stick Vacuum Cleaner

It’s the new king of cordless vacuums. You’ve heard of Dyson, you’ve seen the commercials. If you’re on the market for a cordless vacuum cleaner, then the Dyson V8 Animal is the cordless vacuum to get.

● Comes with a long-lasting battery which lasts up to 40 minutes of continuous use.

● The best part of the Dyson V8 Animal is that it’s cordless. There’s no cord tangled in your way when you’re cleaning the house or no cord in the way of a cleaning job.

● The dust bin has an internal brush which you can detach from the cleaner for use on surfaces like wood and sofas.

● The self-recharging dust bin stores away itself when empty and takes a couple of hours to re-charge.

DEEBOT N79S robot vacuum cleaner

With the power to reach 5 rooms in 30 minutes on a single charge, the DEEBOT N79S Robot Vacuum is another top pick. With a low-speed lift, the DEEBOT N79S helps you clean areas that aren’t accessible to you, such as above high cabinets, furniture, and other low-crawl spaces. This means that the vacuum can get into places that a handheld vacuum can’t reach, giving you more time to focus on areas you need to clean.

Bissell Symphony All in One Vacuum and Steam Mop

The best robot vacuum cleaner we’ve ever tested actually does all that we just mentioned.

● The Bissell Symphony All-in-One Vacuum and Steam Mop offers battery power and has a battery-powered cleaning system. The battery gives it enough power to get most floors clean.

● The Bissell has a larger than usual circular design that allows it to navigate up to 15-feet across.

● A steam mop attachment is also available for the Bissell, allowing it to make quick work of stubborn stains like dog fur and blood.

8. iRobot Roomba 980 Robotic Vacuum

The iRobot Roomba 980 is the best robotic vacuum for your larger homes. Thanks to its intelligent mapping and navigation system, you can have it clean your entire home without any human interaction.

BISSELL CrossWave All-in-One Machine, Corded

For quick cleaning, this hand-held vacuum from BISSELL comes with a selection of heads and brushes so you can clean all surfaces in an instant. It has a high suction of up to 25 m/min, and three different cleaning modes for hardwood and carpets.

● The suction head on this vac can make quick cleaning out of small spaces possible.

● The suction head on this vac can make quick cleaning out of small spaces possible.

● The hand-held vac can also be folded up for easy storage when not in use.

● The battery that runs the vacuum has a short charging time and an indicator light will tell you when it’s ready to go.

5 Ways To Elevate Your Flat With Smart Technology

Flat surfaces can be difficult to clean on a daily basis. That is why vacuum cleaners are so useful. But buying one of those expensive things can be too expensive for some people. This is where the Viomi Robot Vacuum V3 MAX comes in.

Viomi V3 Max has many benefits that make it ideal for people who want to clean their homes with the least amount of effort possible. It has an easy to use app, it has sensors that detect obstacles, and it has an anti-scratch brush plate, which means you don’t need to worry about maintenance like you would if you owned a more traditional vacuum cleaner.

Why you need a vacuum cleaner

This lidar robot vacuum and mop uses its own onboard computer system which sends information to its internal GPS. The V3 MAX then uses this information to map the room and precisely find the location of every dirt and dust on the surface.

A sensor on the vacuum cleaner sweeps dust and dirt particles into a central collection container which is then sucked into the vacuum cleaner. The vacuum cleaner then spins itself around to get the dust and dirt particles into the air stream so they can be cleaned up.

This is great if you have a mess that you don’t want to spend time on cleaning. By the time you finish cleaning, you may not even notice any dirt left on the floor.

How much does this lidar robot vacuum cost?

It is an affordable robot vacuum cleaner that is best suited for renters.

Why choose the Viomi Robot Vacuum

The Viomi Robot Vacuum V3 MAX has many excellent qualities that make it an excellent choice for users. There are a few reasons why this vacuum is a great choice.

It is smart

Using a smart device is very helpful for many people. It helps them manage many different tasks in one place. If you have ever wondered what your digital assistant actually does, it will be a useful thing to learn if you want to use smart devices to achieve goals.

The Viomi Robot Vacuum V3 MAX works with Mijia app. It can be used to control the V3 MAX’s functions on your phone. Using the app, you can set the vacuum cleaner’s cleaning path and it will follow your commands. It is designed to perform a job that is not particularly easy to automate.

What’s included in the package

The V3 MAX comes with:

Vacuum cleaner

Robotic accessories

Power adapter

Warranty card

On top of that, you get a travel bag, a charging cable and a two-year warranty.

The vacuum cleaner is one of the most popular cleaning tools of all time. The V3 MAX only improves on the technology it already uses. It uses the powerful motor of canister vacuum cleaner, which gives it the ability to deal with all kinds of debris on a consistent basis. In addition to that, it comes with additional accessories, like the anti-scratch brush plate, which means it is not as likely to scratch furniture.

There is nothing worse than cleaning your floors and having to find the energy to finish the job. This is where the Viomi Vacuum Cleaner comes into play.

Why You Should Buy The Viomi Robot Vacuum V3 MAX

Vacuum cleaners are expensive and unfortunately they don’t do any cleaning for you. That’s why a robot vacuum cleaner is so useful. They are quiet, easy to clean, and they don’t require maintenance. It’s time you learned how to use the Viomi V3 MAX, and other great products on the market, to make your life easier.

• The V3 MAX is affordable, but it has a ton of different features. You will be able to control it using your smartphone.

• The vacuum cleaner can be used on all kinds of flat surfaces, such as wood and carpets. It comes with a charging base that can be connected to your power outlet, so you don’t have to worry about getting it home and then unplugging it.

• It can clean the home for you on its own with just one button.

The durability of the V3 MAX

The vacuum cleaner has a modern design that looks fantastic. It is available in a black color. It has a powerful suction motor that will make cleaning your flat an easier task. The robot vacuum will be ideal for people who have a lot of obstacles in their home, such as long carpets and walls, or large furniture.

Vetted and tested

The V3 MAX robot vacuum cleaner was vetted, tested, and built with precision. The cleaning quality is much better than many of the other robots available in the market. Its anti-scratch brush plate will remove any dirt that may have gotten into the vacuum cleaner.

6 Genius Things You Can Do With Smart Home Automation

What is a smart home?

A smart home is a household that has an extensive set of connected devices. Those devices can be digital devices such as smart lights, locks, thermostats, and more. They can be digital devices used by humans such as thermostats and lighting. Or they can be other types of devices such as wearable technology.

A connected home uses internet to get connected to each other. So, you can monitor the home’s status and improve its performance with just a few simple taps. It is also much easier for you to automate your home with the help of various apps.

As we have already discussed, the future of smart home is technology. And since technology is advancing rapidly, smart home is also evolving with it. In addition to the tech features, smart home also brings many other things into the equation.

Why automate your home?

When it comes to managing your home, you’ll most likely feel overwhelmed. Sometimes you won’t be able to take care of all the little tasks you’ll have to handle on a daily basis. These tasks include vacuuming, cleaning up the dishes, or picking up your kids from school. Automating these tasks can make your life easier. It allows you to handle a few minor tasks with a few simple commands.

It’s best to do a little research and read all you can before taking the plunge. We’ve done our best to help you out with that.

Viomi V3
Viomi V3 is the latest robotic vacuum cleaner from Viomi. It’s equipped with 360 laser navigation system for precise room cleaning. It works with Mijia APP, which allows you to set up schedules for specific days of the week or every day. And it also features voice control via google home or Amazon Alexa, so you can just say “start cleaning ” and Viomi V3 will start working on your command within seconds!

Viomi V3 is one of the best options for anyone who wants to clean their home without having to worry about the work.

Create a comfortable environment with smart thermostat

If you don’t like wearing thick winter coats, you can easily get rid of them by choosing a smart thermostat. Smart thermostats automatically adjust the heating or cooling of the house so that it is comfortable. You can control the temperature of your house from your phone, so you don’t have to get out of your comfortable spot to control the temperature of your house.

Sage Smart Home thermostat

Sage makes the best-selling smart thermostat. It’s the most popular smart thermostat on the market.

It can monitor and adjust the heat and air conditioning levels of your home. It also automatically raises the temperature when it senses people inside the house or if it detects that the occupants have left the premises.

Keep an eye on what’s happening at home with security cameras

Security cameras are everywhere nowadays. Smart security cameras help you monitor all the situations in your home and keep an eye on the things that happen at home. They are also equipped with lights, motion detectors, night vision, and high-definition cameras.

If you have a smart home security system, you can control these cameras right from your smartphone.

You can also turn them on and off using Alexa or Google Assistant. You can even use your smart TV to view your security camera feed.

Check in on the children with baby monitors

Yes, you can do that! And it doesn’t matter if they are in another room or even on another continent, you can check in on them. All you have to do is download and install a smartphone app that will provide you with the access to their room. It even allows you to open a camera or listen to their speech for a glimpse at their environment.

Save time in the morning with a smart home coffee maker

A typical morning routine includes waking up, making coffee, and searching for the coffee pot. In the meantime, you’ll also check the time and the weather. That’s a lot to do in a short period of time. With the help of a smart home coffee maker, you will never have to stand in front of the coffee pot anymore. You can just use the app and open the coffee maker.

Turn off the lights when you’re away from home

Smart home devices allow you to set schedules so you can do away with any worries. And with a smart light bulb, you can easily do just that.

Need help turning the lights on? Instead of calling someone, just tell your smart home device to turn them on. All you have to do is tell it to turn on the lights in your bedroom, living room or office. Then, just tell it to turn off the lights in your kitchen when you’re on the way back home.

You can even create specific scenes, so whenever the lights go off, you can just say, “Hey Google, turn off the kitchen lights.”

This way, you don’t have to wait for someone to come over to the house to switch off the lights when you’re going out.

Voice controls

Most of the smart home devices currently on the market have voice commands built-in, like the Amazon Echo and the Google Home devices. To use voice control, all you need to do is say the command with your voice. You can either give the command and see the result, or you can record your voice and then ask your smart home devices to do something.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Automated Guided Vehicles

Advantages and Disadvantages of Automated Guided Vehicles



With this growing boom in the consumption of AGVs, the logical question that involves the mind of many companies and functions managers is this: As I turn to automate my warehouse or DC, how do you determine whether AGV certainly are a good fit for my industry and for my operations? What exactly are the professionals and cons of AGVs that I could weigh to choose whether to utilize them?

Automated Guided Cars (AGVs) are commonly regarded as straightforward machines that perform straightforward tasks instead of personnel. And while that is true in a few regards, the previous decade has experienced AGVs become built-into many industries beyond distribution and manufacturing-such as retail, the military, and even healthcare

The fact remains that AGVs aren’t a good fit for each and every industry or group of operations. That will help you determine whether they are proper for you, here are several of the major positives and negatives of using AGVs.

Advantages of AGVs

  1. Reduced Labor Costs
    AGVs reduce labor costs found in your procedure in lots of ways: By replacing a good human worker with a great AGV, an enterprise pays an individual expenditure for the equipment-the primary investment-versus ongoing costs that could have a new to seek the services of such as for example healthcare insurance policy coverage, payroll taxes, wage increases, vacation period, etc.

  2. Increased Safety
    AGVs are actually programmed with safety at heart and therefore are crammed packed with cameras, lasers, and other sensors that permit them to safely operate around staff and structures. In comparison, equipment operate by human operators, such as for example forklifts, don’t have as many built-in safe practices mechanisms and eventually count on human input, which can be compromised in virtually any number of methods. Whereas a human being operator always gets the potential to be distracted or fatigued, and for that reason cause an accident, they are not concerns when working with AGVs.

Also, AGVs can operate in conditions that humans either aren’t in a position to operate in or in conditions that humans don’t operate optimally in, such as example in extreme heat or cold or about hazardous materials.

All this increased safety brings about lower cost and reduced operational downtime, which may eventually improve the profitability of several operations.

  1. Heightened Accuracy and Productivity
    Simply put: Human beings make mistakes. By exchanging the human factor with AGVs, you take out some of the prospects of inaccurate workflows, finally reducing waste products and increasing output, enabling your procedures to be more productive and appropriate. And whereas human employees are bound in how very long they are able to work, AGVs can handle running 24/7.

As well as the clear improvements in accuracy and productivity, by integrating AGVs with a warehouse control program or a warehouse supervision program, you can streamline functions such as for example inventory and elements ordering.

  1. Modularity
    As your businesses expand, it is simple to add more AGVs as necessary (that is occasionally called a “modular program element”). This enables you to avoid a remarkably high initial expenditure because rather than purchasing 20 or 30 AGVs simultaneously, you are ready, to begin with, a couple of and transition gradually, eventually growing your fleet to a fully-automated or mostly-automated operation.

Disadvantages of AGVs

  1. Potentially High Primary Investment
    Ultimately, AGVs raise the important thing for a procedure by simply reducing labor costs and by simply increasing productivity, nonetheless, it comes at a price: the original investment. Getting an AGV, for a while, is likely likely to become more expensive than hiring staff or using other devices such as forklifts. It is often in the permanent that savings are completely realized. This initial expenditure could be burdensome on more compact procedures that may well not have ready usage of capital.

Maintenance Costs. Much like any gear, AGVs will have to go through routine maintenance and occasional repair. And even though AGVs will never be operated immediately by staff, there will end up being some operational downtime as the personnel is taught and AGVs are applied. This isn’t necessarily a “disadvantage” by itself, but the prospect of an intermittent ongoing expense ought to be taken into account.

  1. Maintenance Costs
    As with any devices, AGVs should undergo workout maintenance and occasional repair. And even though AGVs will never be operated immediately by staff, there will come to be some operational downtime as the personnel is taught and AGVs are applied. This isn’t necessarily a “disadvantage” by itself, but the prospect of an intermittent ongoing expense ought to be taken into account.

  2. Not Ideal for Non-repetitive Tasks
    AGVs maximize sense in functions that handle repetitive tasks since that’s what they are actually programmed to accomplish. If the responsibilities in your procedures usually do not be repetitive, they can probably be achieved more quickly and successfully by staff operating additional equipment (for instance a forklift).

  3. Decreased Overall flexibility of Operations
    One of the great things about having human employees is that sometimes businesses require flexibility, including the capability to jump between tasks.

For example, perhaps you need Steve to avoid doing what he’s doing and go over for Joe, who includes a family emergency and must leave, and who was simply doing something very different. Provided that Steve gets the correct guidance and relevant knowledge, this isn’t a problem-he can complete where required, whereas an AGV may well not be able to.

AGVs job according to preset devices and processes, which will make rapid transformation difficult. A business design that tends to respond to trends or that’s otherwise agile might not exactly be the very best fit for AGVs.

Alternatives to AGVs
The huge benefits that AGVs offer possess created a buzz and put them front and center in the minds of warehouse managers and offer chain executives who are thinking about automation. But the straightforward truth is they are not well-appropriate for all businesses.

If you are seeking to automate your procedure but worry that AGVs wouldn’t normally fulfill your unique needs, there’s very good news: Warehouse automation will come in many forms and techniques which you can use to boost the effectiveness and profitability of your procedure.

Some potential alternatives to AGVs that you might want to consider include:

Various conveyor systems
Automated Storage & Retrieval Devices (AS/RS)
Overhead Trolley Conveyor
Autonomous Portable Robots (AMRs)
Of the options, AMRs could be the most closely-aligned with AGVs with regards to use and intent.

Autonomous Mobile phone Robots (AMRs) certainly are a newer selection of warehouse robotics that can handle performing the same fundamental task (transporting inventory) as AGVs. But that’s where the similarities end. While AGVs certainly are a big, heavy technology that navigates within a center generally according to preset, set routes, AMRs count on a suite of superior onboard sensors and maps which permit them to interpret their environment.

This key difference signifies that AMRs can frequently be utilized in a far more flexible and intuitive manner to:

Transport inventory and merchandise between zones
Help out with the order picking process
Type product and inventory
Increase inventory visibility
Are AGVs best suited for your operation?
AGVs could be incredibly useful equipment that can increase proficiency and profitability in lots of order fulfillment operations, nevertheless, they aren’t for everyone.

To determine whether they’re most suitable for you, you’ll have to weigh the huge benefits and drawbacks of automated guided vehicle use and decide if they would complement or hinder your procedures. According to the specifics of your procedure, a different sort of automation technology (like autonomous portable robots or AS/RS) could possibly be better in a position to address your business wants.

Factors like your organization cycle, operational goals, degree of expansion, and available investment finance will all affect your capability to implement something, and it could be smart to speak with a warehouse-style consultant or devices integrator to greatly help determine if implementing AGVs is practical for you.

Introducing AGVs on the Shop Floor

Introducing AGVs on the Shop Floor



Today, professional AGVs will be mainly utilized for materials handling within a good warehouse or perhaps factory or perhaps sometimes outside. Some normal usages include:

Transporting received supplies to storage areas
Supporting kitting businesses and just-in-time deliveries
Delivering work-in-improvement parts to manufacturing production lines

Transporting finished things to shipping areas
So transportation may be a major function. Regardless of recent improvements in computer perspective, object reputation, and robot grasping methods, humans remain usually needed to pick and choose and place-specific parts, while pallets are usually transported by AGV.

An AGV Program may take different benefits the following.

Forklifts are regarded as dangerous!

Regarding the 2016 regulatory see right from the Occupational Health insurance and Safeness Administration (OSHA), forklift accidents cause approximately 85 fatalities and 34,900 serious injuries yearly in America. When truck company Scania considered employing AGVs for materials handling within their creation areas, an integral objective was to greatly help gain a forklift-free development, since forklifts had been thought to be “the most dangerous work products at Scania”[2].

Forklift AGVs are the most frequent kind of AGVs and appearance just about like standard forklifts. Some styles likewise have space for individuals, making it possible to steer the AGV manually when wanted. Like all AGVs, they involve sensors that make certain that the auto decreases or stops when encountering an individual or an obstacle. They work at a managed, limited swiftness, accelerate smoothly, and also have a predictable pattern, therefore limiting accidents[3].

Damage Reduction

Forklift drivers could be distracted, tired, or just have a good bad day. Because of this, they could damage goods or hit apparatus and structures. AGVs of study courses are more trusted and can job 24 hours per day. Following the intro of AGVs, Valio, a Finnish maker of milk products, has been able to reduce harm to vehicles, inventory, and webpage by 90% in another of its cheese factories.

Expense Reduction and Better Operations

From a Lean Manufacturing perspective, AGVs lessen transportation time, which is a non-value added amount of time in manufacturing operations.

If AGVs replace set automation devices such for example conveyors, they can reduce costs because of quicker implementation, staged expenditure, and extra flexibility.

If AGVs replace or perhaps relocate personnel, they are able to allow to lessen labor costs and raise productivity. After automating transfer routes by using a mixture of conveyors and AGVs, AMAG Automobil, an automobile importer, and supplier, possesses optimized its development throughput period by 20 to 30%.

An AGV Program also brings about a more standard flow of materials, with clean store floors making a place for AGV navigation paths. Additionally, it may bring increased inventory accuracy if correctly linked to a Warehouse Operations System.

What are Factors to Consider when Using AGVs

What are Factors to Consider when Using AGVs



The make use of automated guided vehicles (AGV) has played a pivotal role in facilitating the process and throughput efficiency in manufacturing and distribution operations. Interfacing with multiple auto-transfer devices, AGVs provide reliable raw materials and merchandise handling, with less prospect of product damage, in comparison to manual ways of transport.

Utilizing a combo of the logic program and wired or wi-fi navigation, AGVs is capable of doing tasks that aren’t possible with other transfer systems-such when the uniform motion and positioning of loads to within just a fraction of a great inch of their specified targets, without hurry and noise, and with a higher amount of safety for personnel and the operational environment.

Transporting these serious loads, however, imparts large forces after these vehicles, leading to significant protection and power requirements to retain AGV fleets operating. Newer models incorporate style, navigation, sensor, and vitality improvements that can drastically streamline their operational effectiveness, cost of protection, and ROI, in addition to prior AGVs.

Various kinds of AGVs exist for use in several industries, including those vehicles suitable for extremely weighty or oversize loads. But also for a big amount of applications in making and distribution, AGVs are used for pallet movement.


For pallet movements, four types of AGVs are generally employed. Basic differentiating elements that require to be regarded for every kind of AGV program are the following:

  1. Fork AGV System

Outrigger counterbalanced or under-rigger
Pantograph or traversing-mast reach
Single- or double-fork
Side-shift forks
All-wheel steer, omnidirectional.

  1. Lift Deck/Device Load AGV System

Turning radius
Electric power lift versus hydraulic lift
Differential steering versus single-steer drive.

  1. Conveyor Deck AGV System

Single- or dual-conveyor
Off-board power requirements
Payloads up to 60 tons
Dual-steer drive, quad movements.

  1. Tugger AGV System

Braking-negative g-force to avoid vehicle safely
Grades-much more torque necessary to go upgrades
Automatic coupling and hitching
Floor flatness critical.

You will find a linear relationship between your run time of an AGV and its weight. Presented any battery size, if 10% of the weight is removed from the vehicle, it’ll travel 10% much longer. Commensurately, if 20% of the pounds is reduced, it’ll travel 20% longer.

When contemplating a forked vehicle program, for instance, this weight-to-travel ratio could have considerable implications. A counterbalanced automobile will have to add 40-50% of the vehicle’s pounds for the counterbalance. With an outrigger style, or under-rigger style (for European-design pallets), the expanded wheels support the strain, so that vehicle design is 40-50% lighter.

Other factors enter into play with excess weight as well. The implications of a car of this size which has a 40-50% weight-loss are of enormous effects. Lighter weight cars will need less recurrent battery charging, accordingly, fewer battery chargers will come to be needed to support a fleet. Repair and use requirements for these lighter fat cars are commensurately diminished. The strength draw wanted from AGV batteries is reduced. And repairs necessary for plant floors, due to the AGVs and their load weights, are as well considerably lessened.

Although the outrigger and the under-rigger avoid the counterweight, the counterbalanced vehicle is a far more narrow truck, that will permit movement in extra narrow aisles, enabling denser pallet storage and a smaller floor footprint.

AGVs have got typically been designed so that the fat of the AGV is 40-60% of the expected load. This 40/60 ratio possesses been the traditional AGV style practice for decades. It has nowadays evolved with the launch of lighter, better AGVs, which weigh significantly less than regular AGVs, and so are engineered to lessen wear and energy consumption. They not only meet the payload requirements of modern-day heavier models but meet or exceed those cars’ structural stress thresholds.


Many AGVs in procedure within making plants, and several of those first placed into procedure before 2000, were often built with Ackermann steering links. This set up of linkages, commonly employed for steering automobiles and trucks, remedies the condition of establishing wheel angles in a move, considering that each wheel must trace out circles of several radii. The problem is normally that Ackermann steering geometry simply approximates the mandatory steering angles, permitting inaccuracies that cause wheel scrubbing. With such large loads in transfer, the outcome creates considerable mend and protection requirements. The wheel scrubbing not merely increases amp draw, but may also trigger concrete and tire dress in.

Newer AGVs can also be engineered with electronic independent-wheel steering, which includes considerable implications for AGV operability, vehicle protection, and service requirements, and harm to plant floors.

Electronic independent-wheel steering eliminates Ackermann steering geometry and the problems it creates. The automobile can now get sideways or in virtually any direction, allowing shorter trips, thereby lowering the fleet size. The four-wheel independent steering supplies restricted maneuvering and smoother cornering.


Options for batteries in AGVs are predominantly business lead-acid and Lithium chemistries. The most conventional vitality source found in AGVs possesses been but still is, business lead-acid. But business lead is major. Since the battery run period is immediately proportional to automobile and payload weight, a decrease in vehicle fat on AGVs straight impacts the run period of its batteries. Subsequently, any weight-loss exhibited by AGVs results in a longer run period from the batteries before needing a recharge.

New battery technology also plays a part in fat loss. A Lithium-ion answer, for example, with the ability to put out 140 amp hours of vitality would weigh about 150 pounds. Review this to a business lead-acid battery adding out the same vitality, but weighing 700 pounds. For the same vitality, 550 pounds have already been removed from the automobile.

The recharge time for Lithium-ion solutions is approximately 4X faster than lead-acid. And usual lead-acid recharge cycles happen to be about 1,000, while Lithium-ion phosphate is normally nearer to 4,000 cycles. In a nutshell, the Lithium-ion phosphate battery is certainly charging 4X faster and providing 4X the life in comparison to lead-acid.


AGV systems include navigation systems, predicated on laser and/or perhaps inertial guidance. Each program varies in performance, overall flexibility, and cost.

Laser navigation

Laser navigation systems derive from the focus on triangulation to keep carefully the vehicles on training. The vehicle has a rotating laser beam beacon, which scans 360 degrees around the automobile for laser targets attached to columns, walls, and stationary machinery. The reflections from these targets happen to be measured following angles from the automobile and triangulated to permit the automobile to determine its posture. This position is in comparison to a CAD-type map placed in the vehicle’s storage.

The machine uses positive-positioning feedback instantly, computing algorithms a huge selection of times per second. The targets are usually located 20 to 50 feet aside, on both sides of the road to provide satisfactory navigation image resolution. The steering is modified accordingly to keep carefully the AGV on the monitor. It can in that case navigate to a preferred target using the frequently updating position. Laser beam navigation can buy tracking accuracy around +/- .75 inches on vehicles of the size.

Inertial navigation

Inertial satnav systems use a gyroscope onboard the AGV to find changes in vehicle direction and attitude. Each vehicle includes a CAD-type map of the machine layout in its storage. The automobile steers by comparing info from the gyroscope and odometry sensors (which estimate transformation constantly in place) to the map, and producing necessary course corrections every time it passes over a magnet or transponder.

Commonly, the tracking of inertial satnav systems is +/- one inch of the real path. Magnets or transponders happen to be embedded in the ground every 30 to 60 feet to keep up the tracking accuracy.


Both navigation methods could be seamlessly combined in an idea called multi-navigation, which switches backward and forwards from laser beam to inertial guidance without stopping the automobile. This enables the AGVs to go within a plant and outside, where one program alone might not get access to the physical environment or weather conditions essential to support that system.

AGVs traveling nominally 2 mph, and so are equipped with outboard laser beam bumper sensors for object detection. Within the auto 360 degrees incorporating upwards, the sensors are made to cause the automobiles to change their velocity, or stop if required if an obstacle is certainly detected within their path. After the path is very clear, the AGVs will immediately continue their mission.

Some bumper sensors possess a variety starting at about 1,500 lux (the SI product of illuminance and luminous emittance). These different AGVs utilize the latest safely laser technology, incorporating 15,000 lux devices, with a 10 circumstances bigger tolerance to light.


The smooth functioning of AGVs would depend on the controls system, which includes the duty of coordinating the orders received from the plant’s process system or warehouse management system, or ERP, then directing the task for the automated guided vehicles.

More complex controls systems could be by using a Windows and SQL database architecture that’s in a position to uniquely operate within an individual platform. Communication is supplied by two-approach radio transmissions between your vehicles and the pc. The controls present real-time supervision of the system’s procedure, including management facts, load prioritization, load position, productivity statistics and information, and workload examination. It allows associated features to be automated-such much as receiving, recyclables storage, hotline procedures, roll mill processes, frigid mill processes, finished merchandise storage, and shipping.

The positional status of every AGV is consistently being updated through the controls system, at least one time per second, regarding such factors as whether it’s loaded or unloaded, emergency stopped or soft stopped, operating in manual mode, and battery pack level. A simulation module simulates the AGVs in the machine. An HMI graphical user interface provides the operator a graphical summary of the AGV spots in the machine and monitors each in real-time.

Operational versatility is an integral factor with newer controls systems-not just on its capability to immediate and manage the fleet of AGVs, but also on its expandability. A variety of AGVs can get put into the network, anytime plant development or distribution needs need.


AGVs, with fat loss and electronic independent-wheel steering, can deliver a big decrease in maintenance and fixes. Realistically, up to a 60% decrease in gross annual maintenance, per vehicle, may be accomplished.

Contributing to this can be the accessibility of the AGV to execute maintenance or fixes. With conventional AGVs, usage of wheels, gears, and additional moving parts are generally unexposed, requiring the automobile to come to be hoisted or moved right into a pit to get serviced. That is an inherent problem which includes been resolved in a few recent AGV models.


AGV system simulations provide excellent system development rules for perfect circumstances. But such circumstances seldom exist in making and logistics conveniences. What-if conditions must be factored into the simulation, including the variable of human being interaction on to the floor where AGVs happen to be in motion.

Fleet size is monitored by: a) level of merchandise transported per approach; and b) amount of route. The larger the AGV program, the more important may be the dependence on simulation. In something bigger than five or six cars, the simulation will be a need, as mathematics calculations only cannot adequately account for vehicle-to-throughput ratios.


Likewise influencing the performance of AGV systems is temperature and humidity, wi-fi insurance policy coverage over the region of transportation, electromagnetic interference (EMI), the conductivity of the ground coating, and flooring drain, slopes, and grades. These elements should be considered when deciding the most optimum methodology for an AGV program.


AGVs permit significant efficiencies to development and distribution. They boost development flow by bringing materials to the operators, therefore cutting cycle instances, and eliminating hang on, walk, and search period. They reduce work-in-improvement inventory. They chop labor costs through the elimination of simple jobs linked to material and movements and invite reassignment of those personnel to areas where they can add more benefit to the center. Occasionally, AGVs can practically eradicate product damage with delicate managing of loads, and offer the versatility of process circulation and throughput, as desires change.

Chuck Russell is vice president of revenue with Transbotics Corp., a supplier of automated guided cars, automated guided vehicles, and custom engineered cars for creation and warehouse facilities.